New Trust Reporting Rules – Are You Ready?

January 14, 2022

New Trust Reporting Rules – Are You Ready?

Synopsis
6 Minute Read

Find out more about proposed new federal trust reporting rules which would increase disclosure requirements, and what you can do to prepare for them.

January 14, 2022 Update: As the legislation to support the proposed measures discussed below is pending, the CRA will continue to administer the existing rules for trusts, under enacted legislation. The proposed beneficial ownership reporting requirements will not be part of the published 2021 T3 income tax return. The CRA will administer the new reporting and filing requirements once there is supporting legislation that receives Royal Assent. For details please see Reporting Requirements for Trusts on the Government of Canada's website.

Trusts have been a staple in tax and estate planning, providing flexibility, control and asset protection. Trust arrangements come in many forms and are tailored to serve a variety of specific purposes.

Proposed legislation that significantly expands trust reporting requirements has been introduced for taxation years ending on or after December 31, 2021. The primary purpose of these amendments is to increase transparency regarding beneficial ownership and assist the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) in properly assessing the tax liabilities for trusts and their respective beneficiaries. These additional CRA disclosure requirements are concurrent with the introduction of the Quebec Nominee Agreement disclosure requirement and enactment of British Columbia’s Land Owner Transparency Act, all forming a significant movement toward increased disclosure and transparency, where previously some degree of privacy had been afforded.

While the legislation was initially released July 27, 2018, it remains proposed, however the Government confirmed in Budget 2019 its intention to proceed with the announced measures. 

What’s New?

A) T3 Filing Requirement

Under the current legislation, a trust resident in Canada is generally not required to file an annual T3 income tax return unless tax is payable by the trust for the year, or the trust disposes of capital property. The CRA has provided further administrative relief where only nominal income was earned by a trust or allocated to resident beneficiaries.

The proposed legislation drastically limits these broad exceptions. Most personal trust residents in Canada will now be required to file an annual return even where there is no income tax liability and the trust made no distributions or allocations during the year. However, limited exceptions continue to be provided for trusts which:

  • have been in existence for less than three months at the end of the year; or
  • trusts that hold less than $50,000 in assets throughout the taxation year (provided that their holdings are confined to cash, certain debt obligations and listed securities)

Types of trusts specifically exempted from this new reporting requirement include:

  • Regulated trusts such as lawyers’ general trust accounts;
  • Trusts that qualify as not-for-profit organizations or registered charities;
  • Mutual fund trusts, segregated fund trusts and master trusts;
  • Qualified disability trusts;
  • Employee life and health trusts;
  • Certain government funded trusts;
  • Graduated rate estates;
  • Registered savings plans (i.e. RRSP, RESP, TFSA etc.); and
  • Cemetery care trusts or a trust governed by an eligible funeral arrangement.

MNP Insight: 

Trusts created to hold only personal-use assets for estate planning or asset protection purposes may have qualified previously for the filing exception. Under the new trust reporting rules, these trust arrangements will no longer qualify for the filing exception. 


Additional Information Requirements

The current prescribed T3 forms and schedules require only limited information regarding the parties to the trust.

Under the proposed regulations, every trust that must file a T3 return must disclose information which includes the name, address, date of birth, jurisdiction of residence and taxpayer identification number (TIN) (i.e. social insurance number, business number, trust account number or foreign TIN) for each:

  1. trustee;
  2. beneficiary;
  3. settlor and;
  4. each person who has the ability (through the terms of the trust or a related agreement) to exert influence over trustee decisions regarding the appointment of income or capital of the trust.

MNP Insight:

  • A ‘settlor’ for purposes of the new disclosure extends beyond the person who established the trust and will likely include non-arm’s length persons who participated in an estate freeze in favour of a trust, sold property or loaned money or property to the trust, or paid expenses on behalf of the trust.
  • To the extent that accounting records for the income and capital of the trust have not been maintained, it will be prudent to start now so that all relevant transactions which could give rise to additional settlors are identified. 

B) Non-compliance Penalties

The existing penalties for failure to file a T3 return by the due date continue to apply. Likewise, failure to distribute and file any trust-related information slips will also continue to attract the usual late-filing penalties.

The proposed legislation adds to the list of potential penalties. If a false statement, omission or failure to file a return was made by any person knowingly or under circumstances amounting to gross negligence, that person could face a penalty equal to the greater of $2,500  and five percent of the highest FMV of the assets of the trust during the year.  


MNP Insight:                                                           

This proposed penalty applies regardless of the magnitude of an error or omission in the required disclosures. Accordingly, it is critical that persons required to file under the new trust reporting rules can demonstrate they have acted with reasonable care in meeting the new reporting and disclosure requirements. 


Are You Ready?

There remains uncertainty as to the final form of the legislation and when it will be enacted, but the intent is clear: many trusts will be required to file for the first time and information not previously required will now have to be ascertained and disclosed.

Trustees are encouraged to begin assembling the requisite information well in advance of December 31, 2021. For some arrangements, gathering the necessary information will be relatively straightforward. For others the task may be more onerous, and failure to comply will attract harsh penalties.


MNP Insight: 

For trust arrangements which no longer serve their intended purpose (tax or non-tax), the merits of winding-up the trust might be considered. Likewise, if a trust is approaching its twenty-first anniversary, accelerating the planning for that event due to the increased reporting might be considered. 


For more information on how the new trust reporting rules affect can affect you, contact your MNP Business Advisor.

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