Two people standing in front of a window looking at a tablet

Updating the Municipal Model - Part 1

June 12, 2019

Updating the Municipal Model - Part 1

4 Minute Read

Municipalities across Canada are finding new ways to manage increasing citizen demands with decreasing resources. Part 1 of a 2-part series by MNP’s Chris Lavin.

Regional Managing Partner, Advisory Services

Part 1 – Challenges and the Path Towards Change

Municipalities across Canada struggle to balance growing citizen demands with ever-reduced budgets. While recognizing the need for transformation, knowing how to operate more efficiently and improve citizen experience can be challenging.

In the vast Canadian landscape, municipalities can include cities with millions of residents and hamlets with fewer than 10 people. Translating complex service requirements and citizen expectations requires new strategic and corporate visions of service delivery, as well as management models, to be successful – financially and socially.

View infographic

More with Less as a Driver

The reality is citizens expect more than many small- to mid-sized municipal governments can provide – more on-line services, more transparency, more real-time interactions and all without raising taxes. And when property taxes provide the bulk of municipal funding, the options appear limited, particularly as provincial governments increasingly push towards consolidation.

For some of the more than 3,600 Canadian municipalities, amalgamation with their neighbours could be the answer to a shrinking population and tax base. Under a single municipality, amalgamation can lead to enhanced service delivery, alternative delivery models and innovative governance models. For example, three of Nova Scotia’s 50 municipalities are regional municipalities, each of the three governing and providing an umbrella of services to formerly incorporated cities, towns and communities in their region.

The drawbacks of an amalgamation process include the risks of alienating groups of citizens, downsizing departments instead of rightsizing them and bias toward one entity or the other. The fear of losing a community’s unique identity on merging with another village or town also can stymie efforts to change governance models – often stifling opportunities to grow.

New Governance and Service Pathways

Amalgamation isn’t the only option for municipal governments seeking innovative ways to operate more efficiently while improving stakeholders’ service experience. Collaborative frameworks offer a number of options, from single to multiple shared services.

For example, several villages in central Alberta have joint purchase and procurement agreements for paving their roads, enabling them to get competitive bids on the larger projects rather than smaller, individual projects. They also share snow removal equipment and buy gravel from the municipal district. Each community keeps their businesses separate but shares services delivery.

Such collaboration is the basis of the Intermunicipal Collaboration Framework (ICF) legislated in Alberta’s Modernized Municipal Government Act in 2016. Municipalities with common boundaries must create an ICF with each other by March 2020, specifying what and how services are funded, to better allocate resources and funding. Based on the results, they might pool resources or agree a service is better provided by an individual municipal government.

Since no two regions are the same, solutions will vary according to resources, expertise and vision. A first step would be a review of services, how they are managed and what can be done to improve delivery – including synergies with neighbouring municipalities – to provide perspective on potential benefits, costs and impact of change.

For more information, contact Chris Lavin, Partner, Public Sector Services, at 780.733.8640 or [email protected] 


  • Confidence

    November 28, 2022

    What you need to know about the CRA’s self-assessment tax audit process

    How do you prepare when the CRA requests an audit of specific expenses or deductions you’ve made?

  • Performance

    November 28, 2022

    Managing your farm’s living and dynamic budget

    Consider your farm’s budget as more than just a limit on your spending. When done properly, budgeting on your farm can be liberating, not limiting.

  • Performance

    November 25, 2022

    Managing your farm in an era of rising interest rates

    Rising interest rates present new challenges to farmers, but using the right strategies allows you to stay in control and navigate this period of change.